Railways & High Speed Trains 2015-04-23
The two major transportation systems that connect northern and southern Taiwan are “Taiwan Railways (TRA)” and “Taiwan High Speed Rail”.

Taiwan Railways
Major Route
The major operating routes of TRA are Eastern Line, Western Line and South-Link Line, and with other smaller regional railways forming a core railway network for TRA in Taiwan.
Type of Train
Trains are divided into five classes, higher classes generally stop at fewer stations, resulting in faster service. The classes are:
  1. Tzu-Chiang (ZiQiang) Limited Express (自強號): The fastest (and most expensive) service. It stops at the fewest stations. Its uses assigned seating while non-reserved (standing) tickets are also sold at full price;
  • Taroko Express (太魯閣號): A faster variant of the Tzu-Chiang operating between Hualien and Hsinchu or Changhua, via Taipei;
  • Puyuma Express (普悠瑪號): The fastest variant of the Tzu-Chiang operating between Shulin and Hualien;
  1. Chu-Kuang (Jugaung) Express (莒光號): Second fastest service and assigned seating;
  2. Fu-Hsing Semi Express (復興號): Phased out of normal service;
  3. Local Express (區間快車): Usually run on the Coast Line and Yilan Line;
  4. Local Train (區間車): Short to medium distance commuter train, stops at all stations. No assigned seating;
  5. Express / Ordinary (普通車): Stops at all stations, no air conditioning, most inexpensive. No assigned seating.
Ticket Information
  • Daily ticket is available during the first and last trains of the day of that station;
  • Advance Tickets: advance purchase is available 12 days before the boarding date (inclusive), and the daily booking time is available during 06:00-24:00;
  1. TRA fare is calculated as the distinction between different types of vehicles and ticket type.  The ticket price: Tzu-Chiang Express>Chu-Kuang Express>Fu-Hsing Semi Express>Express / Ordinary
Ticket Classification
People can buy different types of tickets according to their need.
  1. Single: Adult, Child, Senior, and Disabled Persons;
  2. Return: The start and destination, route, and train type of both journeys must be identical;
  3. Group Tickets: Tickets for a group of less than 49 persons are issued by the ticket office staff;
  4. Season Tickets: Season tickets are available for passengers travelling by train regularly within 150km in each journey;
  • 30-Day Universal Season Ticket: 30 days from the ticket start day;
  • 60-Day Universal Season Ticket: 60 days from the ticket start day.
Ticket Booking and Collection
Tickets can be purchased and collected in the following ways:
  • Online booking and electronic pass;
  • Convenience Store Booking and Collection (24/7);
  • Post Office Collection: Subject to the business hours of the collection post office.
Other Services
Other than transportation services, TRA also operates services such as:
  • Catering Service (Boxed Meal);
  • Luxury Cruises Styled Train Tour: daily tours offered by TRA;

Taiwan High Speed Rail
Taiwan High Speed Rail (THSR or HSR) is a high-speed rail line that runs approximately 345 km along the west coast of Taiwan, from the national capital Taipei to the southern city of Kaohsiung.  It is without saying that the benefits brought by the Taiwan High Speed Rail are a fast and convenient way of the trans-island travel linking north to south Taiwan, and it also brings people together leading to an prosperous and fulfilled life.

Basic Information
  • Stations in Service: 8 (Taipei, Banqiao, Taoyuan, Hsinchu, Taichung, Chiayi, Tainan and Zuoying); New Stations Scheduled: Nankang, Miaoli, Changhua, and Yunlin
  • Operation Hours: 06:00 ~ 24:00
  • Total Route Length: 345 km;
  • Punctuality(defined as departure within 5 minutes of scheduled time): 99.38% (Year 2013);
  • Maximum Operating Speed: 300 km/hr
The Train Information
  1. The trains have a passenger capacity of 989 seats in two classes: 66 seats in 2+2 configuration in the single Business Car and 923 seats in 2+3 configuration in the eleven Standard Cars;
  2. Each train consists of 1 Business Car (car 6) and 11 Standard Cars (including reserved seats and non-reserved seats). Since July 2010, non-reserved seats are available in cars 10 through 12 (some trains available in cars 9 through 12). Car 7 of each train is fitted with 4 wheelchair accessible chairs and a disabled-friendly restroom;
  3. Business Class Car Features:
  • Bigger personal space;
  • Each seat has a padded foot cushion;
  • Each seat also has a single 110V electrical outlet;
  • Personal Music System: six music channels;
  • Free small cake, finger food and drink
Ticket Information
  1. Ordinary Tickets: Tickets are sold with reserved or non-reserved seats and for one-way or round trip.  Based on the qualification of passengers, Tickets can be sold as full fare and preferential tickets (including tickets for senior persons, disabled and children);
  • Full Fare Tickets;
  • Tickets for Senior Persons;
  • Disabled Tickets;
  • Children Tickets
  1. Group Tickets: these tickets are sold to passengers who take the same train, the same car with reserved seats, with the same origin and destination stations, in group of more than 11 persons;
  2. Multi-Ride Tickets: permit the ticket holders to travel a designated number of trips within a specific preferential period and within specified intervals between stations, and are issued with names “registered” or “non-registered”;
  3. Periodic Tickets: permit the ticket holders to travel an unlimited number of trips within a specific preferential period and within specified intervals between stations, and are issued with names “registered”.
Reservations and Ticket Purchasing
Reservations for reserved seat tickets will be accepted within Twenty-eight (28) days prior to the boarding date (inclusive). The booking channel are provided as follows:
  1. The online sales system http://www5.thsrc.com.tw/en/
  2. Interactive Voice Response Service (4066-0000);
  3. Partnered convenience stores;
  4. Ticket windows and ticket vending machines at the Stations;
  5. T-Expresss Smart Phone App